The Office of the National Coordinator for Health Information Technology (ONC), located within the Office of the Secretary for the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), is the principal federal entity charged with coordination of nationwide efforts to implement and use the most advanced health information technology and the electronic exchange of health information. The position of National Coordinator was created in 2004, through an Executive Order, and legislatively mandated in the Health Information Technology for Economic and Clinical Health Act (HITECH Act) of 2009.

The Investing in Innovation (i2) program, launched in March 2011, initiates and manages prize challenges in ONC. The use of prize challenges to promote and harness innovation is a result of the President’s release in 2009 of the Strategy for American Innovation and his signing in 2011 of the America COMPETES Reauthorization Act. COMPETES provides agencies with a legal pathway to fund and administer challenges, using appropriated funds for prizes.

This Market R&D Pilot Challenge program is administered by Health 2.0.